The discover of this alphabet did not consisted in the invention of a series of graphical signs, but in the decomposition words in simple sounds which each one is represented for an only sign. The difficulty was resolved once and for all by Phoenicians in an original form, in the beginning by the cleaning and precision of forms, by the Wright choose of simple sounds. This alphabet was composed of 22 consonats and turned itself perfect.
The archaic Phoenician alphabet, that is in the origin of all actual alphabets, appeared for the first time in Biblos. The ancient document inscription was discovered in Akhiram and it is dated of the 13 Th century BC. The colonies established by Phoenicians, in Cyprus and in the north of Africa, and the frontiers installed in Egypt, contributed definitely to the expansion of this alphabet until territories that didn't suffered directly Phoenician influence.